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mountaineering  noun

The climbing of mountains for sport.

Age and Aging: Seventies

To be seventy years old is like climbing the Alps. You reach a snow-crowned summit, and see behind you the deep valley stretching miles and miles away, and before you other summits higher and whiter, which you may have strength to climb, or may not. Then you sit down and meditate and wonder which it will be.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

mountain climbing noun

The climbing of mountains, especially the scaling of rock faces by means of special equipment and technique.
mountain climbing, the practice of climbing to elevated points for sport, pleasure, or research. It is also called mountaineering. The three principal types are (1) trail climbing, or hiking through forest trails to the top of small mountains; (2) rock climbing, the ascent of steeper mountains requiring the use of rope and steel spikes (pitons) that are driven into the rock; and (3) ice climbing, on very high mountains with peaks above the timber line. The “golden age” of mountain climbing began in the 1850s and ended with the conquest (1865) of the last of the great Alpine peaks, the Matterhorn. Mt. Everest, the world's tallest mountain, was first climbed (1953) by Edmund HILLARY and Tenzing Norkay.

mountaineer noun

1. A native or inhabitant of a mountainous area.
2. Sports. One who climbs mountains for sport.

verb, intransitive
mountaineered, mountaineering, mountaineers
To climb mountains for sport.

buildering noun

The art or practice of climbing tall buildings, especially skyscrapers.
[On the model of BOULDERING.]
— builderer noun

bouldering noun

Basic or intermediate climbing carried out on relatively small rocks that can be traversed without great risk of bodily harm in case of a fall.
— boulderer noun

mounting, climbing
hill-climbing, mountain-climbing, rock-climbing, mountaineering, alpinism

climber, mountaineer, rock-climber, alpinist, cragsman or -woman

alpinist also Alpinist noun

A mountain climber.
— alpinism noun

crag noun

A steeply projecting mass of rock forming part of a rugged cliff or headland.


A mountainous region of central and northern Scotland extending northwest and including the Grampian Mountains. Famous for its rugged beauty, the area maintained a highly distinctive culture, based on the Scottish Gaelic language and the clan system, until well into the 19th century.
— Highland adjective
— Highlander noun

highland noun

1. Elevated land.
2. highlands. A mountainous or hilly section of a country.

highlander noun

One who lives in a highland.

Of, relating to, or characteristic of a highland.

A region of Scotland lying south of the Highlands.
— Lowland adjective
— Lowlander noun

lowland noun

An area of land that is low in relation to the surrounding country.

Relating to or characteristic of low, usually level land.


A region of central England. It roughly corresponds with the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia and is today a highly industrialized area.

midland noun

The middle or interior part of a country or region.

steeplejack noun

One who builds or maintains very high structures, such as steeples.

steeple noun

1. A tall tower forming the superstructure of a building, such as a church or temple, and usually surmounted by a spire.
2. A spire.